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Periodontics

Periodontics is the dental specialty that focuses on the soft and hard tissues that surround and support our teeth like the gums and bone. It is the specialty that treats the diseases, and conditions that affect these tissues and the professional who practices this specialty of dentistry is known as a Periodontist.

What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?

Gum disease is a bacterial infection of the tissues surrounding your teeth which if not treated can lead to tooth loss and possibly other health problems. Gum disease is often referred to as the silent disease because the symptoms are not evident or felt until the disease has progressed to an advanced stage.

Symptoms of periodontal disease

Some symptoms though which may appear should warn you that something is wrong and that you should see a Periodontist for appropriate treatment. They are:

  • $Bleeding gums while brushing or flossing.
  • $Red, swollen, or painful gums.
  • $Bad breath, pus, or bad taste in the mouth.
  • $Gums receding away from teeth making them look longer than before.
  • $Mouth sores.
  • $Teeth become loose and possibly change their position.

Types of Periodontal Disease

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease. The gums are red, swollen and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort. At this stage the disease is reversible with professional help and good home oral hygiene.

Periodontitis

Periodontitis can develop when gingivitis is left untreated. Plaque and tartar start forming on the teeth and under the gums and eventually the toxins from the bacteria in the plaque cause damage to the gums and bone which supports the teeth. Eventually the teeth start becoming sensitive, loose, and infected and they may fall out or they may have to be extracted.

Even though bacterial plaque is the main cause of periodontal disease other factors which can affect the health of your gums are:

  • Smoking
  • Genetics
  • Stress
  • Pregnancy and Puberty
  • Certain medications
  • Diabetes
  • Other systemic conditions

Our periodontal treatments include:

• Non-surgical treatment such as scaling and root planing and antibiotic therapy.
• Surgical treatments such as gingival flap surgery to reduce periodontal pockets, bone grafting, soft tissue grafting, crown lengthening, guided tissue regeneration (GTR), guided bone regeneration (GBR) and dental implants.

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